The common pea, for that is its full name, is an annual plant with edible pods and seeds. It is inevitably associated with early summer, when its crunchy young pods can be savoured. As they mature, the pods become fibrous, parchment-like and contain small round seeds.
Pea seeds can be used to prepare filling meals, frozen foods, preserves or protein isolates for physically active people. Served cooked as a paste with the addition of a few mint leaves, it is reminiscent of the British cuisine. Added to a thick meat stock with sausage, it will remind many a boy scout of his young days.
Young sugar snap peas with pods can be eaten raw, in salads or, after a light frying and seasoning, as an addition to main dishes. It's a good idea to blanch and freeze the young soft seeds so that they retain most of their nutritional value.
There are many varieties of peas, but only a trained professional can distinguish between the different varieties. This vegetable usually produces green pods several centimetres long, although there are some varieties with purple pods. To consumers, the most important thing is the form of the peas determined by their degree of ripeness.
Varieties for sprouts
You can grow them yourself or buy them ready-made at the store. It's a great addition to sandwiches, lunch dishes or vegetable salads.
Varieties harvested as immature pods
Crunchy, tender, fleshy pods with tiny juicy seeds are suitable to eat raw, blanched or briefly fried. Used as a starter dish.
Varieties with young mature seeds
After shelling, the seeds are green, quite soft and suitable for cooking, freezing, as an addition to multi-vegetable dishes or for canning.
Varieties harvested at full maturity
Their seeds are hard and need to be dried, so they can be stored for a long time. They can be used to prepare a variety of dishes, including meat substitutes.
Nutritional values per 100 g of shelled peas:
Peas are a good source of iron. We recommend combining pea dishes with vegetable salads or fruit juices containing vitamin C, which improves the absorption of this element. People with anaemia can supplement their dietary iron supply in this way.
Peas are a good source of protein, as well as minerals needed for energy metabolism. Pea dishes will be an excellent option for anyone who wants to limit the supply of meat products, while still eating foods rich in good quality protein.
Peas are also a good source of B group vitamins, magnesium and unsaturated fatty acids. All these nutrients have a beneficial effect on the nervous system, boosting its work.
Peas are a significant source of dietary fibre, which is a substrate for the beneficial bacteria that populate the digestive tract. By ensuring a correct supply of dietary fibre, you ensure that intestinal peristalsis is also improved, which prevents constipation.
In Poland green peas are grown mainly in the north-west of the country and in the region of Podkarpacie and Podsudecie.